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Institute

 

Nuclear Sciences Institute

 

The Nuclear Sciences Institute was established in 1982 to provide postgraduate education in the field of Nuclear Sciences.

While summarizing the areas covered by the Institute of Nuclear Sciences in the light of a short history below, we should first mention two Turkish scientists who have contributed internationally to the development of this field. Feza Gürsey is a distinguished scientist who has taken part in international science history with his other works, especially events whose mirror images are not the same as himself. In Erdal İnönü, İnönü-Wigner contraction (Inonu-Wigner contraction) theory, which is also known by his name, has written his name again in the history of nuclear science.

Based on the indivisible meaning of the word atom in Greek, it would be wrong to say that nuclear sciences started in the age of philosophers. However, in terms of conformity with the word "science", we can consider the discovery of uranium in 1789 by the German chemist Martin Klaproth as a milestone for nuclear sciences. However, the beginning towards discovering the smallest part of matter from the intellectual dimension to the scientific dimension based on observation and experimentation was with the first findings of British scientist Dalton in 1808 from the chemical reactions known at that time. Dalton's and later work of the Russian scientist Menedeleev in the 1860s were aimed at identifying the basic elements, and yet it was too early to travel to atomic dimensions.

In 1895, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen's discovery of x-rays, which emerged as a result of changing the orbits of electrons orbiting around the atomic nucleus, to orbits with smaller radii due to an excitation, was the first step towards studying nuclear radiation. The period from this date until 1945 was the most important years in exploring the atomic and subatomic world.

Undoubtedly, Einstein's work is the most valuable work that guides not only nuclear science but also physical science. His theory, summarized by E = mc2, which explains the energy equivalence of mass, in other words, energy is another form of mass, explains scientists today through experiments in the hadron collider, the world's most costly accelerator at the CERN science center in Switzerland, to discover whether the Higgs boson exists. led to find the source of the existence of the mass.

In this context, scientific studies aimed at understanding the structure of the atomic nucleus under the heading of nuclear physics, energy production from the atomic nucleus and the interaction of radiation caused by excitation in the subatomic world are within the scope of the Institute of Nuclear Sciences.

 

Our Vision

By participating in research and education activities in the theoretical and applied fields of nuclear sciences in cooperation with national and international individuals and organizations, to bring our country to a position that elevates its goals in this field.

 

Our Mission

In line with realizing our vision, we aim to be an institute that includes the technology subjects required for sustainable development by diversifying and developing our research and education activities.

 

Departments

Radiation Physics Applications Department

Photonics Division